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Family Immigration

Family Reunification Parole Process for Ecuadorians Introduced by USCIS

U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) has unveiled a new Family Reunification Parole (FRP) process tailored for Ecuador, aligning with the Biden-Harris Administration’s efforts to enhance lawful and safe immigration pathways.

This invitation-only FRP process offers eligible beneficiaries a case-by-case consideration for parole into the United States while awaiting family-based immigrant visas. It aims to expedite family reunification and provide a safer alternative to irregular migration.

Qualifying beneficiaries of approved Form I-130 petitions must be outside the United States, meet all requirements, including screening and medical criteria, and not have received an immigrant visa. The process begins with the Department of State issuing invitations to U.S. citizens or lawful permanent resident petitioners whose Form I-130 for an Ecuadorian beneficiary has been approved. Invited petitioners can support eligible family members, who may be considered for advance travel authorization and parole.

USCIS will implement Form I-134A, Online Request to be a Supporter and Declaration of Financial Support, for this process starting on November 17, 2023.

Under this FRP process, parole is authorized on a case-by-case and temporary basis, contingent on urgent humanitarian or significant public benefit reasons and a favorable exercise of discretion. Paroled noncitizens may be considered for parole for up to three years and can request employment authorization while awaiting their immigrant visa. Upon visa availability, they may apply for lawful permanent resident status.

This initiative falls under Section 212(d)(5)(A) of the Immigration and Nationality Act, granting Secretary of Homeland Security Alejandro N. Mayorkas discretionary authority to temporarily parole applicants into the United States based on urgent humanitarian or significant public benefit grounds. Past secretaries have utilized this authority to establish similar family reunification parole programs, including those for Cuba and Haiti. DHS introduced new FRP processes for Colombia, El Salvador, Guatemala, and Honduras in July, along with the modernization of FRP processes for Cuba and Haiti in August.

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